lodno. Then we IBM offered another way out: we have developed independently
symmetry new operating system, and then it is for a small amount gained
myth her license. His profit, we would have received from the sale of the
product other computer firms. But IBM said that its programmers
must participate in the development of any products that are
the strategic importance. A new operating system will certainly respect
Investments in such products.
IBM has been recognized by the great company. Why it ponadobilas this opportunity
me to the development of software for personal computers?
One of the reasons for the apparent trend in the IBM move its best programming
brilliant in the administration, and less-talented left on the ground. And that
more importantly, it did not give away past successes. But so commonplace
IBM technology product development is not fit for a dynamic market
programs focusing on personal computers.
In April 1987, IBM published a set of integrated Traffic
equipment and software, which was to combat miserable
simulators. This "clone killer" called PS / 2, and he worked under the administration
develop new operating system OS / 2.
In the PS / 2 had several innovative solutions. The most famous of them -
new "microchannel tire" to connect to the system subsidiary
card, which allowed personal computer complement such specific
the possibility of processing sound or communication link with
meynfreymami. Microchannel at PS / 2 was very elegant substitute for chlorine
nitelnoy PC AT tires, but to tackle the challenges that the majority of clients
customers simply not encountered. Its potentially superior speed Expo
faster PC AT tires, but in practice tire at the time had not made suschestvenno-
the first contribution to the performance of computers, so customers do not receive
special benefits from its use. Far more importantly, proved Microchannel
Yemen is absolutely incompatible with any of the thousands of subsidiary boards,
excellent working with computers type PC AT.
As a result, IBM has agreed to license certain deductions transfer
Zia on Microchannel producers expansion cards and personal
computers. But by the time the coalition of producers have already announced
new tires, obladavshey many opportunities Microchannel and at the same time
mya compatible with the PC AT tires. Customers resisted Microchannel,
preferring old tires PC AT. Selection of expansion cards for PS / 2 not been
lo and compare that proposed for systems compatible with the PC AT.
This prompted IBM to continue production of computers, maintaining old
tires. But the real disaster for IBM was in another - she lost
control architecture PCs. She now has nikog-
yes alone will not be able to turn the industry into a new direction.
Despite the titanic efforts of IBM and Microsoft, customers still considered
melted OS / 2 is too cumbersome and complex system. What looked worse
OS / 2, it seemed attractive Windows. Since we lost a reliable
for compatibility between Windows and OS / 2, and no longer believed that the OS / 2 can
work on machines with modest resources, we decided to continue to develop
opment of Windows. It was a much compact: occupy less space
on the hard disk and require less memory - she would find a place and
machines which never would have been able to work with OS / 2. We called it
"Family" strategy. In other words, OS / 2 could be the system
"high-end", a Windows-youngest member of the family for simpler machines.
IBM of our strategy was not enthusiastic, nursing his plans. Spring
- Term 1988, in conjunction with other computer manufacturers, it vystu-
the initiative saw Open Software Foundation in order to help develop
ment UNIX, the operating system, originally created in Bell Labs firms
AT & T in 1969, but subsequently razvetvivsheysya numerous stand
have. Some of its versions were developed in the universities who study
gadolinium UNIX as a laboratory environment for research in the theory of operations
tsionnyh systems. Other versions created a computer firm. Each company
improved UNIX under their computers, leading to its incompatibilities
tonnage with the other versions. The result was not a single UNIX open
the system, a set of operating systems, competing with each other.
These differences are increasingly worsened compatibility software
delayed emergence of a powerful and independent development of the market for UNIX.
Programmistskie Few firms can afford to create and close
layout applications under a dozen different versions of UNIX. But shops Trade
guyuschie software could not keep in stock all kinds
versions of the same programs.
I remember as a child every Sunday evening at eight on television through
Shipowner The Ed Sullivan Show (Ed Sullivan show). Most American
CET (who was a TV) sought not to miss this transfer because
only that it can be seen and "harass", Elvis Presley, "Temp-
teyshnz "or, for example, the guy whose ten dogs on the nose krutili
dish. Not God forbid, if at that time you were not at home: on Monday
You are no longer involved in the hot discussion yesterday's show.
Conventional television allows choose that look, but not when
watch. For a television suited technical term "simultaneous
the Board itself. "Spectator works to (set), under the grid broadcasting. Imen-
but since 30 years ago, I watched Ed Sullivan show, and that is what
most of us will be watching this evening news.
In the early eighties video gave us more freedoms
baud. If you are interested in that you were willing to issue
perhaps set-timers, please: push blank tapes,
write transfer and watch it anytime. Talking on the phone -
"thing" synchronous too, because it involved two simultaneous cooperation